Psychological trauma is damage to the mind that stems from a distressing event that was perceived to be life threatening to oneself or others by our nervous system. Trauma can be a one-time event, a prolonged event or a series of events. Emotional (verbal abuse), physical (physical harm) and sexual assault usually result to trauma, but it is not limited to that. Experiences at school or work and big changes like moving to a new country can all be traumatic. Thus, traumatic events can vary from person to person and trauma may look different to everyone.
Dr. M. Arnold Muller
Dr. M. Arnold Muller is a licensed School and Clinical Psychologist currently based in Toronto, Ontario, with 31 years of practice experience in two countries. Prior to his time in Canada, he spent the first half of his career in South Africa. Dr. Muller has a Ph.D. with specialization in Psychotherapy from the University of Pretoria, and a Masters Degree in Clinical Psychology. He also has a second Masters Degree in Practical Theology from the University of Stellenbosch.
Dr. Muller has worked in many settings including school boards, addiction centres, correctional institutions, the military, churches, and private practices. Spending time in these organizations has allowed him to gain an astounding amount of experience in psychological assessment, diagnosis, and treatment plan preparation and application.
Dr. Muller also has training and exposure to Neurofeedback Training, Somatic Experiencing, crisis intervention, conflict resolution and managing cultural differences. In his spare time, you can find him hiking, travelling, working on his photography, poetry, and spending time with his family and friends.