Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an emotional response to a frightening and/or dangerous experience involving actual or threatened harm. Although any real danger may have passed, the thoughts and memories from that experience can heavily impact a person’s life.
Someone with PTSD may look as if they are anxious, depressed, scared, or easily startled but the symptoms are more complex than that. PTSD symptoms usually appear within three months of the event however, that is not always the case as symptoms may not become visible until years later. Common symptoms include:
Difficulty falling and/or staying asleep
Constantly re-experiencing the traumatic event
Feeling upset when being reminded of the event
Keeping a distance from people, places or activities that may be a reminder of the traumatic experience
Avoiding family and friends
Losing interest in activities that were once enjoyable
Unable to feel pleasure
Easily getting angry
Shortness of breath and fast heartbeat
Fearing harm from others
Fear of death
Like other mental health conditions, there are different types of PTSD. PTSD can be categorized into five groups:
Normal stress response
Acute stress disorder
Though there are several forms of PTSD, the most severe is complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). C-PTSD is a psychological disorder that can develop from a prolonged and repeated traumatic experience in which the individual has little to no chance to escape. Often, those with complex PTSD feel alienated which may be frightening. As you can imagine, living with PTSD can be challenging and this disorder may act as an obstacle which is why it is important to seek treatment. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution to PTSD, therapy methods such as somatic experiencing and neurofeedback may be an effective treatment option.
For more information on PTSD click here
National Center. (2018, October 08). Types of PTSD. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-ptsd/
Reiter, K., Andersen, S. B., & Carlsson, J. (2016). Neurofeedback treatment and posttraumatic stress disorder: effectiveness of neurofeedback on posttraumatic stress disorder and the optimal choice of protocol. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204, 69-77. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000418.
Van der Kolk, B. (2015). The body keeps the score. United States: Penguin Books.